Social And Economic Cross-Border Phenomena On The Mexico-Belize Border During The First Half Of The 20th Century

Author:
Lilia Selene May Zalasar , Colegio de San Luis (COLSAN), Mexico
Abstract:

When speaking of border and migration, it is necessary to reflect on not only the border history, but also on the consolidation of the societies that live near the borders, as well as the periods and processes associated with intense readjustments. Therefore, the objective of this study is to examine some of the important occurrences when considering the border history between Mexico and Belize. The principal assumption from which this is based is the complexity of the social, economic, and political relations that existed within and across the Mexico-Belize Border. That is to say, that one should take into account various elements including: English colonization, the continuous cross border movements, the Caste War, international treaties, the cultural encounters and disagreements, as well as the commercial interchange between the inhabitants of both locations. In its historical context, the Northern Districts of Belize were populated during and after 1848 by refugees of the Caste War from the Town (community) of Payo Obispo (today Chetumal, Mexico). Payo Obispo itself was repopulated as a result of the re-entry of the descendants of these same refugees who had left because of the war. The geographical proximity and the interactions between the border communities were based on relations which help define how and why the inhabitants of both sides of the Mexico-Belize border were able to progress and, in a sense, create a shared society.

Keywords:
Border, Migration, Mexico, Payo Obispo, Northern Belize, Caste-War

Volume:

Vol 4 2015 Research Reports In Belizean History and Anthropology